Publishing date : December 6’2021
Language : English
No. of pages : 270
Rishikesh Upadhyay, also known as RK Upadhyay is an Indian author whose research and teaching works are largely focused on the environmental physiological, stress biology and biochemistry of plants. He is currently working as an Assistant Professor of Plant Environmental Physiological and Stress Biology at Haflong Government College, India. He is also a recipient of the UGC Research Fellowship Award, the Pencraft Literary Excellence Award, the Albert Nelson Lifetime Achievement Award and the Elsevier Science Reviewer Recognition Award and an author of 3 books till date.
About the book:
This book consists of 11 Chapters written by 25 Authors around the country, it speaks very clearly of the challenges faced by plants and how the environment effects the decline of life and growth of plants. It also provides a list of illustrations along with frequently used acronyms as well.
Brief summary of the book chapter wise:
- Impact of various Environmental factors on Secondary Metabolism in plants.
In this chapter we learn about the role of Secondary Metabolism (SM) between plants and environment including the three different types of SM. In speaks further in great details regarding the main process for invitro production and synthesis of SM including the influence and impact of environmental stress on plant development, impact of abiotic factors in contributing to differences in plant and development or accumulation of Plant Secondary Metabolism (PSM) and the need to take preventive approaches at a global scale.
- The consequences of oxidative stress in plants.
This chapter teaches us about the relationship between Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and environmental stress. It further explains how the various environmental stress increases ROD drastically and a discussion on how oxidative stress is affecting plant growth and metabolic activity can also be seen. It also explains about the co-relation between oxidative stress and biotic and abiotic stress thoroughly with great details on how oxidative stress affects plant growth and metabolic activity under different stresses. We can also learn about the two divergent roles of ROS in plants and it concludes with how biotechnological techniques will enable a better understanding of the patterns of ROS during various stress condition.
- The effects of abiotic stress of plants.
This chapter is a discussion of the unfavorable conditions of stress that limits plants growth, yield or productivity. it also explains the effect of abiotic stress on plants and how it is becoming s major threat to plant growth and yield. Overall, it states the need for well-planned research to investigate the molecular, physiological and metabolic aspects of abiotic stress tolerance at both cellular and the whole plant level.
- Effects of heavy metals pollution on plants and their tolerance mechanisms.
This chapter talks about how heavy metals make plants show symptoms of toxicity which also pose a threat to human health and how its contamination in the environment remains a matter of concern. It further talks about plants responses to heavy metal, the different strategies used by plants to detoxify heavy metals and the mechanisms used by plans to defend themselves against various toxic metals.
- Flooding and submergence responses in plants.
Under this topic we can see how flooding remains a growing threat to plants as the frequency and severity increases day by day. It also explains the responses of plants to flooding/submergence stress and how exploring the phenomena about the underlying reasons for flooding tolerance will provide fundamental knowledge about the nature of crop responses to flooding. It concludes stating that the study of regulatory mechanisms and signaling events responsible for triggering responses to hypoxia or anoxia in plants is an important area of future research.
- The impact of plastics on plant growth, agricultural crops and possible remedies.
This is mainly a discussion on how plastic residues may adversely effect soil ecosystem, harm soil organisms and plants reducing soil quality. It adds an interesting and informative fact that plastics were first used in agriculture in 1948 by Professor E.M. Emmert when he had no money to buy a glasshouse, so he covered a wooden structure with cellulose acetate film. It future lays down an overview of the application of plastics in our daily life and agriculture and the impacts of plastics on plants and seed germination including its effect on the soil nutrient profile and plant growth. It concludes stating the need of urgent research to completely understand the effects of microplastics on the soil plant system and agroecosystem.
- Interactional effects of UV-B radiation and drought stress on plants.
This chapter explains how drought stress is the most common environmental constrain due to inadequate rainfall and reduces water availability. It also shows the combine effect of high UV-B radiation and drought stress resulting in the reduction and alteration of plant growth. The morphological as well as physiological and biochemical responses to UV-B and drought is also given in details. It concludes stating that even after understanding the many underlying development and resistance mechanisms has allowed us to observe their meditation of UV-B and drought stress their combined effect in plant is still not very well understood, so we need to carry out more research under field condition to provide definitive answers in this area.
- Biotic stress in plants:
A metabolomics perspective
This chapter is based on how biotic stress impairs crop health and reduces yields, it also contains the importance of biotic stress management and the role of metabolomics in plant pathogen interactions. It future talks about the different techniques widely used to study the metabolome and how the application of metabolomics improved development of high performing crop genotypes to meet the challenges of 21st century agriculture.
- Influence of magnetic nanoparticles on plant growth and stress adaptation in natural environment.
This by far was on of the most fascinating chapter for me, it sums up in great details on how nano particles play a major role in disease resistance and the modulation of stress in plants and it has been suggested that in future nano pesticides will revolutionized the agriculture sector. It also explains the interaction and effects of bio magnetic fields on living organisms. It further points out that magnetic nanoparticles have similar magnetic properties like ferromagnetism which is used to indicated specific stress tolerance responses in plants. It is a fact that magnetic nanoparticles can answer many of the questions that have eluded scientist in the field of agriculture and can bring about changes that will answer some of the problems currently faced.
- Mobile radiation responses in plants.
It is a known fact that the use of mobile phones is increasing rapidly and this chapters provides us a clearer prospective of how it shows a significant impact on plants. Mobile phones according to this particular topic emanate electromagnetic radiation into the environment, having tremendous effects on human and plant health and the extend of the effect depends on the exposure of the plant to radiation. However, more adequate research needs to be done to develop strategies that ameliorate its harmful effects.
- Programmed cell death and abiotic stress responses in plants.
Last but not the least we have the final chapter where it is explained in details how death is an integral part of the lifecycle of plants and its essential for the development and survival of the same. It further states that the function and necessity of programmed death cells (PCD) for plant development and defense determine the underlying regulatory mechanism and process by which PCD is executed. Overall, PCD directly or indirectly effects the whole plants and ensure their survival.
Personally, I am not really a big fan of reading non-fictions but reading this has been quite informative and I don’t regret it even a bit. I would rate this book 4.7/5 it is a package full of facts and knowledge, I’ve honestly learned much more about plants and their responses to the changing environment in this book than I would my entire life. If you are a plant enthusiast or looking for a carrier or possibly doing research regarding this area than I’d highly recommend you this book.
You can find this book in amazon in paperback and the link to purchase it is given right below.
Happy readings 🙃